Montessori Curriculum

MONTESSORI CURRICULUM
The Pillars Approach / Key focus areas Longer-term benefits Useful for careers in
PRACTICAL LIFE (EPL) % Exercises of Practical Life (EPL) activities help a child develop concentration and become more independent. This subsequently results in higher self-confidence. 1. Higher concentration levels and better motor skills
2. Development of logical thought patterns
3. Increased sense of independence
4. Higher self-confidence and self-esteem
5. Sense of dignity of labour
1. Medicine, surgery
2. Sports, aviation
3. Fine arts
4. Graphic design, architecture
5. Industrial design
% EPL activities also play a critical role in development of self-esteem and self-worth in a child. As the child develops basic abilities and a greater sense of self-worth, he/she becomes more open to trying out new things and taking up new challenges.
% Another focus area of EPL activities is development of bodily functions and motor skills. As the child practices EPL activities, his/her fine and gross motor skills get refined. This also leads to better hand-eye coordination.
SENSORIAL % Sensorial activities help a child develop and refine the key senses through which he/she communicates with the external world. 1. Improves imagination and intuitive understanding of concepts
2. Leads to refinement of senses
3. Develops better aesthetic sense
4. More awareness of the environment
5. Logical thinking and structured approach
1. Culinary fields, hospitality industry
2. Psychiatry
3. Interior design, advertising
4. Film-making and photography
5. Fashion industry
% These are the senses of sight (visual), smell (olfactory), touch (tactile), taste (gustatory), hear (auditory), weigh (baric), hotness (thermic) and perceiving without seeing (stereognostic).
% These activities also indirectly introduce mathematical concepts (such as algebra, geometry, arithmetics) and help prepare for writing. Many of the sensorial activities also incorporate age-appropriate exercise of muscles that leads to physical development.
LANGUAGE % Montessori language activities systematically introduce linguistic concepts and help develop language skills in a manner consistent with natural growth. 1. Higher confidence in expressing oneself
2. Equips with creative writing skills
3. Develops love for reading and writing
4. Better calligraphy
5. Better reading abilities and preparedness for writing
1. Law
2. Dramatics, literature and creative writing
3. Advertising and mass communication
4. Teaching
5. Journalism, politics and leadership
% Sounds (phonics) are introduced first, followed by combining and splitting of sounds for formation of words. This results in non-rote learning of words/spellings, which aids independent reading. Writing is introduced thereafter, by starting with the physical preparation of the hand/muscles.
% The mixed-age-group environment - a unique characteristic of Montessori pedagogy - helps in better adjusting and expressing one-self in a social setup. This also leads to higher confidence levels and better teamwork.
MATHS % Montessori maths activities introduce mathematical concepts in a concrete (as against abstract) manner. This leads to more intuitive understanding of numbers and maths operations. 1. More intuitive understanding of mathematical concepts
2. Leads to better visual imagination
3. Reduces likelihood of maths phobia
4. Develops methodical problem solving approach
5. Stronger quantitative and logical foundation
1. Accounting and financial analysis
2. Engineering
3. Research and technology
4. Pure and social sciences
5. Economics
% The activities begin with introduction to quantities and relative sizes. Numerals are introduced later as symbols that represent quantities. Manipulation of the numbers with operators such as addition, subtraction, division and multiplication are introduced thereafter.
% Geometrical shapes introduced as part of EPL activities prepare the child for intuitive understanding of geometry. These preliminary concepts in combination with the mathematical concepts act as a foundation for later study.
CULTURE % Culture activities help create general awareness about the world. These include introduction to the globe/earth and maps of the world, continents, countries and states. 1. Creates greater general awareness
2. Leads to better contextualization of the world around
3. Develops curiosity about surroundings
4. Instils an interest about current affairs
5. Broadens the horizon
1. Film-making
2. Zoology, botany
3. Cartography
4. Sociology
5. Public service, administration
% These also include concepts of water bodies in relation to land bodies (such as an island, a river, a lake, an archipelago etc.) that are introduced with the help of physical models.
% Furthermore, the culture activities include basic biology/botany such as parts of an animal, an amphibian, a fish, a flower, a plant and a tree.
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